It is a serious issue that some historical district in China has been faced the constructive destruction. On the one hand, as a space carrier with a high concentration of regional natural environment, history and culture, urban construction and other elements, the historical district has high value of the historical heritage and urban characteristics. On the other hand, driven by the huge land and economic profits, along with the rapid development of the city, the historical district suffers a serious constructive damage and is difficult to recover. Therefore, a comprehensive analysis of the contradiction between historical district protection and urban development to achieve a win-win situation is a key technical issue in contemporary urban design. This article compares and analyzes the case of Suzhou and Nantong through historical mapping and interview. The relationship between historical district protection and urban development is concluded.
First, the urban development status of the two cities are analyzed. Second, five key issues are identified: (1) the evolution of urban form, (2) the renewal of regional function, (3) the optimization of public infrastructure, (4) spatial shape adjustment and (5) lifestyle change. Third, main constraints from three aspects of economy, policy and design are summarized. Finally, five strategies are proposed to balance the modern city development and historical district protection: (1) Dislocation development, (2) Featured positioning, (3) Regional service, (4) Morphological style and (5) Flexible adjustment.
Lu Shan, Southeast University, China
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