Challenges in Facing Industry 4.0 and Society 5.0 in Indonesia and How to Overcome: Social-Economic Perspectives


Nowadays, the society among the world has been experiencing transformation to industrial revolution 4.0 along with transformation to society 5.0 that known as Super Smart Society which its characteristics are liberation; disparity deficiency; improving efficiency; society's necessities fulfillment; privacy matter; modern values formation. Although Indonesia is one of the emerging countries that estimated increasing rapidly in Gross Domestic Product, Indonesian society has not been fully able to transform towards society 5.0. Caused by the high rate of Indonesia's diversity in the aspect of geographic, natural resource, demographic, ethnic, and culture, Indonesia has to confront various, complex, and unique issues. Indonesia also faces the unbalanced development issue as a result of the former government’s Java-centric policies. Although in the new government puts development aspect (especially in infrastructure sector) as a priority, due to extraordinary large Indonesia’s areas, numerous harder efforts are still required to achieve ideal condition. This paper aims to review Indonesia's current social-economics condition and the challenges that Indonesia's society confronts to be part of society 5.0. The results of this study have described the socio-economic map in Indonesia using cluster analysis based on the educational and the Gross Regional Domestic Product conditions of the provinces in Indonesia. By adopting the concept of Smart Province and Economic Sharing, this study proposes the existence of a specific development approach in each cluster to deal with industry 4.0 and transformation to society 5.0.

Author Information
Sudrajati Ratnaningtyas, Bandung Institute of Technology (Institut Teknologi Bandung), Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACAS2019
Stream: South-East Asian Studies (including Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos)

This paper is part of the ACAS2019 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon