Guided Imagery Music Reduces School Phobia: A Case Study

Abstract

Guided imagery and music is a form of music therapy introduced by Helen Bonny in 1970. This method is using music as an imagery trigger to a client, and the client is asked to portray the image in forms of paintings, drawings or literal description. This study was conducted to a 15 years old girl who experienced school phobia. She repeatedly felt nausea at school, experienced giddiness and headaches from the time she arrived at school up to lunch time; she often asked permission to go to the clinic and requested to go home earlier. As a result, she had low performance in school evaluation. The Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HARS) indicated severe level of 38 (severe). Six (6) GIM sessions were conducted to her, and each session included the GIM phases which are: the prelude, the relaxation and focus, the music and imagery, and the integration. The prelude phase consisted of description of problems, the relaxation and focus phase consisted of relaxation while listening to music. The music and imagery consisted of the process of portraying the images based on the music being listened. The integration phase consisted of the process of expressing the images into drawings or paintings. The post-test result indicated the HARS score was 15 (normal to mild). The phobia was eliminated, and the girl now has returned to school normally.



Author Information
Tasya Chandra, Tarumanagara University, Indonesia
Monty P. Satiadarma, Tarumanagara University, Indonesia
Debora Basaria, Tarumanagara University, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2018
Stream: General Psychology

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