The Analysis of Centralized Layout on Traditional Batik Tulis Workshop in Central Java

Abstract

Batik is a color crossing technique, using canting and hot wax originating from Indonesia and defined by Unesco became an intangible cultural heritage in 2009. Canting is a tool for transferring hot wax on fabric so it can form line or dot. The use of hot wax becomes an essential tool in the process of batik. The placement of the hot wax stove which surrounded by batik workers growing into a significant point in batik activities. This phenomenon appears in various traditional batik tulis workshops, especially on batik Oey Soe Tjoen in Kedungwuni, Go Tik Swan in Surakarta and Sekar Kencana in Lasem. However, along with the development of advanced technology and information, modification of tools and differences in the characteristic of space in each workshop, produce a separate study on the workshop layout, especially in the placement of the stove.The research purpose is to support the preservation of batik process and the values of Javanese people contained therein. Therefore, this research used ethnographic method through observation, documentation and in-depth interviews in several batik workshops spread over Central Java within a specified period.Based on the anthropometric, ergonomic and behavior review, this research describes the layout analysis of the space and placement of hot wax stove as a center, and the application of centralized layout in various traditional batik tulis workshop nowadays. So it can be concluded through centralized layout, the values of traditional society, sharing and cooperating, maintained in the process of batik.



Author Information
Rachmi Kumala Widyasari, Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia
Andar Bagus Sriwarno, Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia
G. Prasetyo Adhitama, Bandung Institute of Technology, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACAH2018
Stream: Humanities - Science, Environment and the Humanities

This paper is part of the ACAH2018 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by amp21