Infix -Um- of Ciacia Language


Ciacia language is a language spoken by about 79.000 speakers in some small islands in southeastern Sulawesi, Indonesia. This language belongs to West Malayo Polynesian (WMP) of Austronesian in sub group of Muna Buton. As the part of Austronesian languages, this language has to reflex the features of the family. One of them in is the presence of infix –um- in the language. This article aims to describe how the infix –um- of Austronesian languages is reflected in Ciacia language and how it is compared to the infix –um¬- from the language family. The data was collected from some previous works of Ciacia language, especially the data of verbs from 200 basic vocabulary of Swadesh and other verb list from the work of Konisi & Hidayat (2001). The data later analyzed using introspection technique by entering the infix to the verb as the researcher is the speaker of the language and triangulation technique by asking other speakers and comparing to previous research. From data analysis, the research found that in Ciacia language infix –um- is realized into four allomorph, namely {–um-}.{ m-}, {m} (nasal substitution), dan {∅}. Those allomorphs are also found in other language in sub group like in Muna language and Wakatobi language even though in different numbers. Moreover, in the family of Austronesia, Ciacia language is more reflecting itself as the part of WMP group by showing the inchoative verb form rather than Philippines-types group that marks actor voice of the infix.

Author Information
Nur Fajrhi, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACAH2018
Stream: Humanities - Language, Linguistics

This paper is part of the ACAH2018 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon