Philosophy and Several Kinds of Tumpeng


Tumpeng is a cone-shaped rice dish with meat and vegetable side dishes surrounding it. It is a kind of traditional celebratory dish that is usually served during special events or celebrations in Indonesia. Nowdays, the philosophy of tumpeng has been forgotten by the millennial generation in the 21st century. Thus, the researcher wants to find out and describe the symbolic meaning behind the tumpeng and classifies the kinds of tumpeng. This study used the theory of semiotic from Charles Sanders Peirce (2007) focusing on three-dimensional or triadic and trichotomy system. This research used qualitative approach with the methods of observation, interview, and document analysis. The result of the study showed that tumpeng has abbreviation as tumindak lempeng that means we should be through this life on the straight path, the path of those upon whom God has bestowed favor. The peak of cone-shaped rice represents the only one God, while the side dishes surrounding the base of the cone represents the creatures of God like a human being, animals, plants, etc. Therefore, we should worship to the Almighty so that we can be protected from all sorts of calamity and misfortune that can happen on this earth by serving tumpeng as form of supplication to God. Then, the researcher will reveal 30 names of tumpeng that spread on Java island in Indonesia; each name of tumpeng has their own meanings, functions and characteristics.

Author Information
Maria Ulfa, Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACAH2018
Stream: Humanities - Language, Linguistics

This paper is part of the ACAH2018 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon