After the war, there were no formal diplomatic relations between China and Japan, but economic and other exchanges still continued in the form of “people’s diplomacy.” Despite the interruption in the period of Nobusuke Kishi, their relations were soon resumed.With the beginning of the Cultural Revolution in 1966, most normal exchanges came to a halt in face of the upsurge of the ideology of “revolutionary diplomacy,” and China only retained its exchanges with the pro-China leftists in Japan. As Japan came under the influence of the thought tide of the Cultural Revolution, internal dissension arose among the leftists in Japan, and the new left that emerged by taking advantage of the situation then spawned social turmoil.Although extreme leftist thought tide gradually subsided after the establishment of Sino-Japanese diplomatic relations in 1972, the above history remains obscure or blank as a result of the “Resolution on Certain Questions in the History of Our Party” after the Cultural Revolution. Thus, it is the intention of this paper to study and fill the gap in the history of this period.This study employs the “historical method” and “document analysis”, with a view to reconstructing the history of the relations between the Chinese Communist Party and Japanese leftists in the early phase of the Cultural Revolution from 1966 to 1971, from which lessons could be drawn for future Sino-Japanese relations.
Wei-Li Wu, Taipei University of Marine Technology, Taiwan
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