The purposes of this research were 1) to study how Thai students who chose Japanese as elective courses learned the kanji vocabulary and 2) to study the differences in using strategies for learning Kanji vocabulary between beginning and intermediate learners. The sample population of this research consisted of 80 students, who were divided into two groups. The first group consisted of 40 beginner learners and the second group was 40 intermediate learners. The data collection was conducted using 25-item questionnaires on strategies for learning Kanji vocabulary, which involved four strategies: the writing strategy, phonics strategy, semantic strategy, and usage strategy. The data analysis involved descriptive statistics, mean values, and standard deviations (SD). The research findings found that 1) the students mostly used the writing strategy, followed by the semantic, phonics, and usage strategies, respectively and 2) beginners mostly applied the writing and semantic strategies, while the most popular strategies for memorizing Kanji vocabulary among intermediate learners were the semantic and phonics strategies. The recommendation based on this research is that in addition to the writing and semantic strategies, students should be encouraged to memorize Kanji vocabulary using the phonics and usage strategies.
Chinnawat Ninmote, Silpakorn University, Thailand
Stream: Foreign Languages Education & Applied Linguistics (including ESL/TESL/TEFL)
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