Conformity and Obedience of Bantengan and Jaran Kencak in East Java

Abstract

As a traditional culture and art, Bantengan in Trawas and Jaran Kencak in Lumajang, East Java is one of the diversity of Indonesian famous and exotic cultures. Although using animals as the name, they are very different in essence. Bantengan or Bull Dance is a performance art that combines elements of dance, physical exercise, music and mantra that very thick with magical feel, while the Jaran Kencak or Dancing Horse is a performance art that uses specially trained horses to dance and makeup with clothes and accessories that complete and sparkling. Both types of that traditional art are held communally, involving many people as dancer, musician and leader. Aiming to compare the effect of group on members of Bantengan and Jaran Kecak groups, particularly on conformity and obedience, this study involved groups of Jaran Kencak consisting of approximately 12 people and Bantengan consisting of approximately 25 people with their roles. This study shown that each member of the group Bantengan and Jaran Kencak simultaneously experiencing conformity and obedience, where conformity occur because they conform to group values and obedience because they must be obedient to the leader. Although some research on conformity and obedience has been done, but the role of conformity and obedience in the traditional cultural art of Indonesia are still limited in number and interesting to study. As a pilot study, this study only covers two districts in East Java and will be followed by a broader research scope to get better results.



Author Information
Fahyuni Baharuddin, 45 University of Surabaya, Indonesia
Prakrisno Satrio, 45 University of Surabaya, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2017
Stream: Qualitative/Quantitative Research in any other area of Psychology

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