Recent genre-based studies on job application letters have increasingly focused on cross-cultural awareness. However, very few have been conducted in the ASEAN context and none has investigated at a regional level as of yet. Hence, this study aimed to analyze the generic structure (a.k.a. moves) used in job application letters written by ASEAN applicants. The data were collected from 30 job application letters written by five participants from each of six different nationalities, namely Indonesian, Malaysian, Filipino, Thai, Singaporean, and Vietnamese. A coding scheme developed based on the synthesis of moves found in previous studies (Al-Ali, 2004; Bhatia, 1993; Henry & Roseberry, 2001; Upton & Connor, 2001) was employed to analyze moves in each letter. The findings were presented both as a whole to demonstrate the universal generic structure for the ASEAN region and separately to compare and contrast moves commonly used by each country. The results of the study will be useful for teachers to develop instructional materials to increase learners’ awareness of the generic structure of a job application letter in ASEAN countries as well as cross-cultural effect on writing a genre.
Phanupong Thumnong, Khon Kaen University, Thailand
Angkana Tongpoon-Patanasorn, Khon Kaen University, Thailand
Stream: Languages education and applied linguistics (ESL/TESL/TEFL)
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