The Role of Identity Statuses on Freshman Student’s Decision Making in Choosing Education Degree Program


The development of a stable sense of self is considered to be one of thecentral tasks of human being. Erik Erikson (1902-1994) explained that during normative development, the influence of experimentation and exploration in personality and vocational roles became the important aspects in constructing individual identities (Santrock, 2007). Extending this theory, James Marciaproposed four identity statuses of psychological identity development, which are identity diffusion, identity foreclosure, identity moratorium, and identity achievement. Using this theory, Marcia explained that one’s sense of identity is determined largely by crises (exploring choices) and commitments (Papalia & Feldman, 2012). It is believed that person with well-developed identity had experienced decision making period and committed to a certain choice (i.e. education degree program, occupation, sex-role orientation, and religious belief). Based on the well-known theory that adolescence is a period of identity formation, authors attempted to investigate how adolescents’ identity statuses may influence their decision making, specifically in choosing education degree program. Hence, the importance of education degree program on one’s future career. Furthermore, authors will also discuss the possible factors influencing adolescents’ identity statuses and potential solutions to deal with issue of less developed identity statuses.

Author Information
Agustina Agustina, Tarumanagara University, Indonesia
Monty Prawiratirta Satiadarma, Tarumanagara University, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2017
Stream: Psychology and Education

This paper is part of the ACP2017 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon