For the past decades, the enrollment rate of primary school has been increasing in developing countries. Unfortunately, due to problems such as lack of classrooms, textbooks, and school facilities, as well as qualified human resources, a quality education can be difficult to obtain. Providing quality education is a key issue especially in rural areas and in urban slum areas. Research demonstrates that not only schools but also parents and communities play a significant role in supporting quality education.This study focuses on primary school students and their families in the capital city of Mongolia, where a rapid population increase has caused serious problems at school. The purpose of this study is to analyze the correlations between parental home-based support, parent’s educational outlook towards their children, and the children's school achievement.There are two major data sets collected during 2016 in slum areas of Ulaanbaatar; one set comprised of semi-structured interviews of teachers, and the other created from a questionnaire survey of 10 schools.Analysis of the data shows that most parents work during the daytime and are not able to spend long hours with their children at home. Parental outlook on education and their ability to communicate educational values to their children varied. Even so, the more parents talked about school and their children's future at home, the more their children were motivated to study. Further research will clarify the influence and impact of parental home-based support on children's education.
Eri Nakamura, The University of Tokyo, Japan
Stream: Primary and secondary education
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