The main purpose of this paper is to examine China’s soft power in Africa (1978-2015). Coincided with seizing power by Chinese reformist elites headed by Deng Xiaoping in 1978, China prioritized economic development as its main goal. This trend has been continuing till now and by gaining stunning achievements, has turned China into the second global economy. Surely, many factors have played role to pave the way to advance China’s economic discourse. From this perspective, Chinese soft power within the framework of foreign policy has been one of the most important requirements of country’s economic rise and has accelerated the expansion of Beijing’s economic relations with countries across the world. In this regard, taking its substantial economic capacities into account, Africa has got China’s attention in recent years. According to official statistics, since 2009, China has become the first trading partner of Africa by surpassing powerful American and European rivals. This study argues that China’s foreign policy system by relying on soft power has played an undeniable role in country’s economic success in Africa. In fact, Chinese soft power has turned into the Achilles’ heel of Beijing’s economic diplomacy in the Black continent and plays the major role in the continuance of country’s economic success in Africa.