Power-Dependence of British Central-Local Government Relations and Interdependence of International Relations in the EU

Abstract

Power-dependence theory of intergovernmental relations (Rhodes) and interdependence of international relations (Keohane and Nye) are known as approaches for analysis of domestic and international politics, respectively. Both theories deal with political dependence and conflict in different fields, that is, the domestic political situation with the same law, and multiple states with different laws and different regimes. Nevertheless, similarity between power-dependence theory and interdependence is worth exploring. In this paper, I investigate power-dependence theory, especially focusing on center-local governmental relations in the United Kingdom (UK), and theory of interdependence, focusing on the European Union (EU). The organization of this paper consists of three parts. First, described are power-dependence theory of intergovernmental relations and interdependence of international relations. Second, I will analyze characteristics of these two theories by comparing various indices; actor, network, law and sanction. I also analyze degree of dependence of various policies; politics, economy, global environment and public policy. Third, I scrutinize application of these theories to the UK and the EU from viewpoint of law. I compare the discretion of the British local authority, and the hard law and soft law of the EU Law by which the Member States are imposed. I also discuss sanction which is relevant to the discretion and the soft law. Furthermore, I discuss whether interdependence can be applied to the states with different regime and norm.



Author Information
Yoshihiro Nagata, Nagoya University, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: ACPEL2016
Stream: Politics P2. Governance, Institutions and Public Policy

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