Promoting Parental Involvement to Prevent Elementary Student Dropout in Indonesia’s Backward Regions


The highest dropout rate for elementary school level happens significantly in Indonesia's backward regions (UNICEF for Indonesia, 2012). This will not only affects personal success of students but also create other social disadvantages. Chirtes (2010) classified the factors of school dropout into school factor, social environment, personal factor, and family factor which is the greatest factor. The main investigation in this paper is to explore the causes of school dropout which more focus on family-related factor and to examine how parental involvement can solve elementary student dropout in Indonesia and the challenges. By using secondary data both from Indonesia and the world, promoting effective parental involvement might be a possible way to overcome the problem with five ways: 1) educating parents (especially disadvantaged family), 2) involving parents in the early childhood years, 3) intensifying parent-children communication, 4) improving parent-teacher partnership, 5) creating school-family-community partnership. The emerging challenge found in this study is the elementary school-aged children who drop out or potentially drop out mostly have parents with low educational ability or poor socioeconomic background. Hence, involving parents to prevent school dropout in backward areas will need much more efforts. Therefore, supports from interested stakeholders particularly from local and national government are highly important to succeed the solution. Keywords: Parental Involvement, School Dropout, Backward Regions

Author Information
Bulqia Masud, Monash University, Australia

Paper Information
Conference: ACEID2016
Stream: Education: social justice and social change

This paper is part of the ACEID2016 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon