Self Efficacy and Locus of Control as Predictors of Prosocial Behaviour and Organizational Commitment among a Sample of Nigerian Nurses


There are lot of negative perceptions people have about nurses’ prosocial behaviour and organizational commitment. However, only few researchers have taken time to investigate this. Therefore, this study sets to investigate and confirm if this is actually true and the influence of self efficacy and locus of control. To achieve this, a well structured questionnaire was administered to 200 nurses that were selected using simple random sampling technique. These participants were from Ondo state, Nigeria. They comprised of 52 (27.5%) males and 137 (72.5%) females. Two hypotheses were tested using 2X2 ANOVA. Results showed that the main effects of self efficacy on prosocial behaviour [F (1,185) =21.420, P<0.01] and organizational commitment were significant [F (1,185) =9.548, p < 0.01]. However, the main effect of locus of control on both Prosocial behavior and organizational commitment were not significant. Also, the interaction effects of self efficacy and locus of control on prosocial behavior and organizational commitment were not significant. This implies that nurses who have higher self efficacy and those who have internal locus of control would be more committed to the organization and would engage more in prosocial behaviour. It was recommended that organizational management need to create work environment and personnel systems in which nurses personal dispositions such as self efficacy and locus of control can thrive because this will lead individual nurses to harmonize their personal need with the organizational goals. This then increases their commitment to the organization and improves their prosocial behaviour.

Author Information
Olukayode Ayooluwa Afolabi, Adekunle Ajasin University, Nigeria
Mary Olayinka Alade, Adekunle Ajasin University, Nigeria

Paper Information
Conference: ECP2015
Stream: General Psychology

This paper is part of the ECP2015 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon