The Effects of Association and Emotion in False Memory


The purpose of this study was to discuss the effects of association and emotion in false memory by using a DRM paradigm procedure. This study employed a 3 (association: semantic association vs. category association vs. neighborhood association) × 3 (emotion: positive vs. neutral vs. negative) mixed design, to examine the effects of association and emotion on (1) the recognition of original-list-items, and (2) the false recognition of critical-lures-items with same association with the original-list-items and noncritical-lure-items without association with the original-list-items. The major findings of the study are: First, all groups showed significant recognitions of original-list-items. Second, for the effect of association in false memory, subjects of the neighborhood association group and the semantic association group showed significant false memories on the critical-lure-items, yet those of the category association group did not. Third, for the effect of emotion in false memory, subjects showed significant false memories on the positive critical-lure-items and the neutral critical-lure-items, but not on the negative critical-lure-items. Forth, all groups showed no false memories on the noncritical-lure-items.

Author Information
Chen-Tzu Wu, Taoyuan Guanyin Township Caota Elementary School, Taiwan
Shu-Fang Kao, National Hsinchu Unversity of Education, Taiwan

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2015
Stream: General Psychology

This paper is part of the ACP2015 Conference Proceedings (View)
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon