Community Television in the mist of Digitalization in Thailand: Policy and Community’s Practice

Abstract

The media reforms especially broadcasting media are clearly seen in the year of 1997 that the ownership of frequencies were divided in to 3 sectors; business, public, and community sector. Their rights are legitimate as stated in Thai Constitution and related laws respectively. 16 years pass, Community sector, a new player, seemed awakening and continued movements toward this change whereas the previous players, public and business sectors, were not active in pushing this forward. They only tried to maintain their ownership or existing benefits as much as they could. At present (2013), it is the year of change and movement in frequency allocation and granting broadcasting and telecommunications licensing in Thailand operated by the Office of the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC). The regulations stated that the issuance of three kinds of licenses should be completed, however, that operation has led to conflict of ideas towards policy and method of frequency distribution for national public service broadcasting and commercial broadcasting. It is criticized that the decision of the NBTC has no intention of reforming media. In addition, the issuance of broadcasting community service has never discussed or considered as the important agenda from the NBTC and other social sectors. This led to unclear and confused operation for practitioners on community service broadcasting. Although the policy has not been clear, the civic sector in many areas of Thailand shows readiness and starts of pilot implementation within their capacity. Therefore, this study to reveal the current situation of broadcasting community service in views of policy and struggle for naming of the meaning of community’s television and giving a concrete practice of community’s television in Phayao Province, located in the north of Thailand by presenting in the areas of management, building community’s participation, applying technology and innovation, and skills building for locals.



Author Information
Phattar Burarak, University of Phayao, Thailand

Paper Information
Conference: MediAsia2013
Stream: Media Studies

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