This study examines how the factuality of narrative style news and fictions affects readers' emotional and cognitive response. Participants read one of three versions of a story describing the dramatic and tragic accidents, which occurred to the Indian couple: the man attacked and the woman raped by a group of brutal passengers in the bus. Each version of the story was manipulated to make readers recognize different degree of factuality. The first version indicated that it was the news article based on the real event and the second version revealed that the story is the fiction based on the real event, whereas the final version noted that it is the fiction wholly imagined and invented by the writer and the content of the story is irrelevant to the real environment and location. After reading the stories, each participant was directed to answer the questionnaire consisting of 7-Likert scale items designed to measure the engagement and the empathy of the readers. It was hypothesized that the readers might report more engagement in reading activity and more empathy toward the protagonists of the story in the higher factuality version than the lower version. The result showed that differences in the engagement and in the empathy that the readers felt toward the protagonists in the narrative varied depending upon the factuality manipulation.
Chang Ui Chun, South Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, South Korea
Chungkon Shi, South Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, South Korea
Stream: Media Studies
This paper is part of the MediAsia2013 Conference Proceedings (View)
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