A Deliberate Illumination on Linguistic Traits of Du Fu’s Poems: A Study on the Poetics Criticism of Sung School of Qianlong and Jiaqing Reign (1736-1820)


The Sung School of Qing Dynasty basically inherited the philosophy from Jiangxi School of Sung Dynasty that poetry should be based on talent and poetics. With regard to poetics criticism, the Sung School analyzed the sound patterns, lexical and grammatical traits as well as organizations of the poems of Du Fu, who is one of the ancestors of Jiangxi School. The works of the Sung School have been widely accepted by later poets, and therefore became an important ingredient influencing Qing poetry. What distinguishes the Sung School from traditional demonstrators who usually focused on the background, original story and allusions of Du Fu's poems, is that they particularly paid more attention to the literary forms of Du Fu's poems. This approach has not been fully investigated by previous scholars and thus is invaluable for readers of classical Chinese poetry.
Based on the criticisms and comments put forward by Qian Zai and Weng Fanggang, the two leaders of Sung School in Qianlong and Jiaqing reign, this paper discusses the validity of the Sung School's illumination from the perspective of sound patterns, lexical and grammatical traits as well as organizations of Du Fu's poems. This paper also explains the significance of two essential concepts "stack"(die) and "tight"(jin) in the interpretation on Du Fu's linguistic traits by the Sung School. To sum up, the paper aims to understand the Sung School's achievements and contributions to research on literary crafts and value of literary form.

Author Information
Chongyi Mo, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong

Paper Information
Conference: LibrAsia2013
Stream: Literature

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