Evaluation of Desire under the Elms by Eugene O’Neill Under the Light of Nine Rasas of Bharat Muni


This study indicates how Nine Rasas of Bharat Muni can be applicable to the drama of any language of the world. Nine Rasas literally means 'essence ' ,it is used as the sense of emotional state . These Nine Rasas are the backbone of the Natyasatra (Dramatics). In simple words Nine Rasas are complete nine emotions of the human being.
The play Desire Under The Elms carries all the Nine Rasas with ups and down. The plays divided into three parts and each part having several scenes . All the Rasas in the form of emotional state lifts the play at the certain height.The intense emotions of the play are greed , lust and pride . All the Rasas are included in these intense emotions. The play opens with the light mood i.e. love ,laughter anger etc. The second part carries the prominent mood of hatred and anger . The third part carries disgust,pity,fear and the calmness with the tragic note. The play opens with the question mark and the same question mark closes the wings of the play.
Introduction of the Rasas -
Bharat Muni wrote Natya Sastra (Dramatics) between 200 and 300 B. C. It contains the science and technique of Indian Drama, Dance and Music. Rasa theory is described in Natya Sastra. Bharat Muni mentioned only eight Rasas the ninth Rasa was added later by the critic.
1) Shringara Rasa ( Love)
2) Hasya Rasa ( Mirth)
3) Raudra Rasa ( anger)
4) Karuna Rasa ( pity)
5) Bibhatsa Rasa ( disgust)
6) Bhayanaka Rasa ( horror)
7) Vira Rasa ( Heroic)
8) Adbhuta Rasa ( wonder)
9) Shanta Rasa ( peace)
All the Nine Rasas are the emotions which control the human being physically and psychologically.

Author Information
Dandekar Milind Ramachandra, Night College of Arts & Commerce, India

Paper Information
Conference: LibrAsia2013
Stream: Literature

This paper is part of the LibrAsia2013 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Ramachandra D. (2013) Evaluation of Desire under the Elms by Eugene O’Neill Under the Light of Nine Rasas of Bharat Muni ISSN: 2186-2281 – The Asian Conference on Literature and Librarianship 2013 – Official Conference Proceedings https://doi.org/10.22492/2186-2281.20130360
To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.22492/2186-2281.20130360

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