This research is aimed to 1) study resilience of adolescents students affected by civil unrest in the three border provinces in Southern of Thailand (Yala, Pattani and Narathiwat) 2) to study the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder and 3) to examine the relationship between resilience and the symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder. The sample was consisted of 395 high school students who were studying under the office of Educational Service Area, 15th and was derived by using the sample size of Krejcie and Morgan (1970) with multi-stage random sampling. Tools used in this study were 1) the resilience scale named The State-Trait Resilience Inventory (STRI) which developed by Hiew, Mori, Shimizu and Tominaga (2000) and translated into Thai by the researcher 2 ) the questionnaire for children affected by disaster (Revised Child Impact of Events Scale: CRIES-13) of the Department of Mental Health. The statistics used in data analysis were : percentage, standard deviation and correlation analysis. The results are summarized below. 1. The levels of the resilience among adolescent students were moderate and high. It was found that 1) the students who were at a high level consist of 245 or 62.7 % and 2) 146 or 37.3 % were at moderate. 2. The number of students affected by civil unrest who had symptoms of PTSD was 214 or 54.7 % and those who without symptoms of PTSD was 177 or 45.3 %. The symptoms of PTSD can be measured with the lowest score at 0.00 and maximum at 65.00. 3.The Resilience and the symptoms of PTSD among adolescent students affected by civil unrest were inversely related. Keywords : Resilience, Symptoms of PTSD, adolescent students, the three border provinces in Southern of Thailand.
Kriangsak Rattakul, Burapha University, Thailand
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