Building the concrete ethics (or moral) always depends on the solution of the question of the existence. "Due" (better or "Good") is determined according to the understanding of the individual's existence, its aims and sense. It's important to note, that in this case any ethics can be called "immanent" - any transcendent and transcendental idea is needed only for explanation or justification of an individual's existence. All these connections mean that it could be possible to construct ethics after clarifying the answer about the individual's existence. But we propose to approach the question of the construction of ethics from the other sight: to make conclusions about the existence after analyses of the ethics and the ethical, but not backwards. To clarify practical possibility to identify "better" or "due" and to describe the moment of this identifying, we propose to use the concept of ". We call an ethical situation such situation in which due reveals itself, in which it is shown or appears. Obviously, such a situation should be located before or outside previously outlined or definite (based on some sources) understanding of due, outside any visions of Good and Evil. As we can see through this analysis, the moment of the appearance of Due is not the moment of the disclosure of difference in the being, but it is the moment of creation, of marking this difference. Due is the implementation of the self-own being through co-existence, through sharing of self-own existence with others. And moral responsibility is not the result of freedom of the other (or the result of the presence of the Other), but the Other is the result of the statement of the moral responsibility.
Andrey Zheleznov, Ural Federal University, Russia
Stream: Ethics; Religion; Philosophy
This paper is part of the ACERP2013 Conference Proceedings (View)
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