Examining Underprepared Students


Universities in Japan have been suffering a shortage of applicants due to the declining number of 18-year-old population. To secure intake quotas and finance, many universities have been accepting many underprepared students, which may result in increases of academically low proficiency level students. In such a situation, roles of placement have become more important. Placement tests are given to new students to measure their knowledge in various subject areas. They are usually used for placing students into appropriate level of classes. It secures a proficiency-based learning, provide individuals equitable, relevant learning opportunities. With such diagnoses, it is possible to identify unprepared students who need appropriate and effective support while necessary intervention would be considered. However, for better understanding of these underprepared students, further information on individuals should be necessary. The aim of this study is to investigate underprepared students. Their English proficiency levels, vocabulary sizes, educational backgrounds, admission styles, their attitude and perception toward English learning, and GPA scores are revealed. The analysis involves numerical presentation, distributions, frequency, and correlations. The study found correlations among the above-mentioned factors. It is also found that distinctive characteristics of underprepared students when they are compared with other students whose proficiency levels are not low. It is hoped the results found it this study may help to build more appropriate and supportive educational environment as well as to have better predictions of early failure (possible drop out).

Author Information
Minako Inoue, Health Science University, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: ACEID2024
Stream: Higher education

This paper is part of the ACEID2024 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Inoue M. (2024) Examining Underprepared Students ISSN: 2189-101X – The Asian Conference on Education & International Development 2024 Official Conference Proceedings https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2189-101X.2024.64
To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2189-101X.2024.64

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon