Examining System Level Policy for School as Learning Organization: A Case Study in Cambodia


In the midst of uncertain and constantly changing environment, schools today are argued to transform themselves to learning organizations. Kools & Stoll (2016) conceptualized the Integrated Model of School as Learning Organization to offer a framework for schools to prepare the transformation process. Cambodian schools have been through several phases of rigorous reforms. The MoEYS, through Education Strategic Plan 2019-2023 and Cambodia Education 2030 Roadmap, aimed to transform schools into learning organizations. Following these initiatives of MoEYS for SLO, researcher conducted a content analysis of ten extant Cambodian national policies and strategies for education to examine whether the MoEYS’ policies and strategies support school as learning organization. We developed a conceptual framework outlining four dimensions and fourteen subsets as the criteria for data collection. Researcher collected the secondary data through the ten policy and strategy documents of the RGC and the MOEYS. We organized the data under the four dimensions and fourteen subsets on the spreadsheet for analysis. As a result, we found that the MoEYS’ policies and strategies, which are aligned with the Royal Government of Cambodia national strategies, support school as learning organization. However, researcher recommends a coherent leadership policy for school directors, DOE and POE officials. Since leadership has proven to impact on school transformation, we argue for the coherent leadership policy to integrate transformational leadership, instructional leadership, distributed and learning leadership. Another important recommendation is further reform in decentralization and de-concentration to reduce the school governance layers to narrow the gaps between MoEYS and school levels.

Author Information
Khay Sambonin, American Pacific International School, Cambodia

Paper Information
Conference: ACEID2024
Stream: Educational policy

This paper is part of the ACEID2024 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Sambonin K. (2024) Examining System Level Policy for School as Learning Organization: A Case Study in Cambodia ISSN: 2189-101X – The Asian Conference on Education & International Development 2024 Official Conference Proceedings https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2189-101X.2024.30
To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2189-101X.2024.30

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon