Determinants of Learning Amongst 21st Century ESL Learners


This study focuses on determinants of learning amongst 21st century English as a second language (ESL) learners at Wenzhou-Kean University. Although it is an undoubted fact that the persistent change in learning experiences has contributed to the changing of learning determinants of 21st century ESL learners, the actual determinants have not been explored and defined. The study is a cross-sectional study that uses both descriptive and inferential statistics. 174 WKU students participated in this study by completing online questionnaires, while another ten students participated through unstructured interviews. The data collected in the questionnaire and the answers acquired from the interviewees were described and analyzed in depth. This study described the personal attributes, preferences, and recourses of 21st century ESL learners. According to the study results, WKU students consider motivation, self-discipline, and study environment as the three main determinants of learning. In addition, the findings revealed that most WKU students believe that the learning resources, study mode, and teaching method have a great impact on their studies. Meanwhile, their pre-university learning experiences have an impact on their studies in university, which is reflected in their better adaptation to paperless study at university. The unstructured interview also found that ESL students' learning pressure are well managed. However, most ESL students need help adapting to the new learning environment and need to make better use of the resources that can support their learning, such as ELC. This paper also identifies suggestions that ESL college students agree with by considering the three main determinants discovered in the questionnaire, such as motivation, self-discipline and study environment, which can help them perform better in their studies.

Author Information
Mingyuan Fang, Wenzhou-Kean University, China
Rosalie Palaroan, Wenzhou-Kean University, China
Jiaqi Chen, Wenzhou-Kean University, China
Bingxuan Lin, Wenzhou-Kean University, China

Paper Information
Conference: IICAH2024
Stream: Language

This paper is part of the IICAH2024 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Fang M., Palaroan R., Chen J., & Lin B. (2024) Determinants of Learning Amongst 21st Century ESL Learners ISSN: 2432-4604 – The IAFOR International Conference on Arts & Humanities – Hawaii 2024 Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon