The Effectiveness of ChatGPT in Enhancing English Language Proficiency and Reducing Second Language Anxiety (L2)


This study investigates the effectiveness of generative AI, specifically ChatGPT3.5, in enhancing interaction skills and reducing second language (L2) anxiety in English language teaching. The study is situated in the context of the rapid advancements in AI technology and its increasing significance in educational settings, particularly in computer-assisted language learning. The aim of this study is to assess the efficacy of ChatGPT3.5 in enhancing English conversational abilities and alleviating L2 anxiety, a psychological condition frequently linked to apprehension of failure and lack of self-assurance, particularly in Asian cultures like Japan. The study involved a 4-week experimental period with 31 Japanese university students who used a user-friendly cloud-based application integrating ChatGPT3.5. The application aimed to promote natural dialogue through speech recognition and text-to-speech. The students used the AI-assisted mobile application for 10 minutes daily. Additionally, 20 Japanese university students were included in the study. They also used the AI-assisted application for 10 minutes each day for four weeks. The study assessed the effects of ChatGPT 3.5 on L2 interaction skills and anxiety levels using an English proficiency test and questionnaire. The preliminary findings demonstrated a significant reduction in L2 anxiety and an improvement in English interaction skills. These results suggest that generative AI has the potential to transform language learning and offer innovative approaches to contemporary teaching methods. This study will contribute to the current foreign language teaching environment by exploring the role of AI in language learning, and also propose a new paradigm that has the potential to bring about changes in traditional teaching models.

Author Information
Kotaro Hayashi, Toyohashi University of Technology, Japan
Takeshi Sato, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: WorldCALL2023
Stream: AI Tools and Techniques

This paper is part of the WorldCALL2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Hayashi K., & Sato T. (2024) The Effectiveness of ChatGPT in Enhancing English Language Proficiency and Reducing Second Language Anxiety (L2) ISSN: 2759-1182 – WorldCALL2023: Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon