Extreme Weather Impacts on the “Trabocchi”: A Case Study of Cultural Heritage and Climate Change in the Italian Adriatic Coast


Climate change is a global challenge that requires interdisciplinary approaches to understand and address its impacts. One of the impacts is the increase of extreme weather events in the Mediterranean Basin, which threaten the cultural heritage of the region. This study focuses on the effects of extreme weather on the "trabocchi", a type of vernacular architecture along the Italian Adriatic Coast. Their identification as cultural heritage is the result of historical events and social dynamics closely linked to the collective imagination and for which inclusion as intangible cultural heritage in the UNESCO World heritage List has been requested. We analysed the weather events at different scales using methods and data from long-term large-scale (e.g. ERA5 dataset) to short-term small-scale (e.g. models and ground-based sensors). The results showed that the "trabocchi" are vulnerable to extreme weather as well as emphasized the need to protect the integrity of this asset, to study environment changes for planning concrete actions aimed at conservation, including social actions, to mitigate the matter. Our study demonstrates the importance of combining science, environment and humanities to protect and promote this coastal cultural heritage in a changing world.

Author Information
Alessandra Mascitelli, University "G. D'Annunzio" of Chieti-Pescara & CNR-ISAC, Italy
Fernanda Prestileo, CNR-ISAC, Italy
Eleonora Maria Stella, CNR-ISPC, Italy
Eleonora Aruffo, University "G. D'Annunzio" of Chieti-Pescara, Italy
Luisa Irazú López Campos, CNR-ISPC, Italy
Stefano Dietrich, CNR-ISAC, Italy
Rosa Claudia Torcasio, CNR-ISAC, Italy
Piero Di Carlo, University "G. D'Annunzio" of Chieti-Pescara, Italy
Stefano Dietrich, University "G. D'Annunzio" of Chieti-Pescara, Italy

Paper Information
Conference: IICAH2024
Stream: Humanities - Science

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon