Contextualization – an Effective Tool to Improve Efficient Listening Skills Among Adult ESL Learners


Effective Listening is a must for the acquisition of any target language. But unfortunately, such a vital language skill is always neglected even in language classrooms. Listening as a language skill is not simply hearing of aural stimuli, but is an active process of receiving aural as well as visual stimuli attentively. It involves attention, reception, comprehension as well as retention of the message or intention of the speaker, followed by appropriate reaction on part of the listener. Now, reception of an aural or visual stimuli especially of English language may not be a difficult task; but the comprehension of the received message and intention of the speaker might be problematic, especially for the ESL / EFL learners, if the listener fails to realize the immediate context (situation), event and the speech act while listening. An empirical study conducted with 254 adult learners in three phases successfully proves that an effective comprehension of the received message (information and intention) can be possible if any listener could contextualize with the speech situation while listening. Thus, it became evident that appropriate contextualization as pre-listening activity, help in developing effective listening skills especially to ESL / EFL learners. The paper focuses on the importance of Listening as language skill and how proper contextualization help in effective listening.

Author Information
Manas Moulic, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Centenary College, Rahara, India
Somak Mondal, West Bengal State University, Barasat, India

Paper Information
Conference: ACE2023
Stream: Foreign Languages Education & Applied Linguistics (including ESL/TESL/TEFL)

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon