College Students’ Part-time Jobs: Associated Factors and Implications for Policy


This study aims to investigate the factors shaping the part-time job aspirations of undergraduate Vietnamese students, shedding light on their attainability. Employing a cross-sectional descriptive correlational survey design, data collection spanned from October 2022 to December 2022. The survey questionnaire was disseminated through a network of lecturers, reaching 461 undergraduates across diverse Vietnamese universities. However, 114 responses were excluded due to inaccuracies, primarily arising from participants misrepresenting currency formats in the online form. This discrepancy led to erroneous calculations and misaligned spending patterns. Data management involved Microsoft Excel 365 for cleaning and coding, while STATA 16 facilitated data analysis. Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin and Bartlett's tests guided exploratory factor analysis, and the General Linear Model (GLM) identified factors associated with students' participation in part-time work and its subscales. This research advances the current discourse by unveiling the determinants of undergraduates' part-time job aspirations in Vietnam. The findings underscore the importance of alternative financial support to effectively balance academic pursuits with part-time employment. Moreover, academic achievement emerges as a pivotal driver for students' sustained engagement in part-time work. To augment the study's comprehensiveness, integrating qualitative analyses, like focus group discussions or key informant interviews, is suggested. This comprehensive approach would deepen insights and offer robust foundations for shaping educational policies and fostering work-study equilibrium across Vietnamese universities. In sum, this study not only contributes to the existing literature but also offers actionable insights to enhance the educational landscape and students' holistic growth.

Author Information
Diep Nguyen Ngoc, Duy Tan University, Vietnam
Anh Doan Hai, Hanoi University of Science and Technology, Vietnam

Paper Information
Conference: SEACE2024
Stream: Educational policy

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon