Difficulties in Instructing Novice Nurses as Perceived by Preceptors


Preceptors of novice nurses are expected to play an important role as part of the continuing education of novice nurses who have just become nurses after graduating from school. Since preceptors may experience a variety of difficulties in instructing novice nurses, it is necessary to provide support for preceptors to alleviate the difficulties in instructing novice nurses. This study aims to elucidate the difficulties perceived by preceptors in instructing novice nurses. An anonymous self-administered questionnaire survey was conducted from February to March 2021 to investigate the difficulties perceived by preceptors. The data were qualitatively and inductively analyzed. The survey items included: demographics (age, gender, professional experience, length of working as a nurse, length of working as a preceptor, hospital wards assigned to, and final education); and experiences with difficulties in instructing novice nurses. Demographic characteristics of the participants were: mean age 30.6 years, mean nursing experience 6.7 years, and mean preceptor experience 3.1 years. The described data were organized into categories and subcategories according to similarity of meaningful contexts. Eighty-nine contexts and three categories were identified: “Difficulties related to the attitude of novice nurses when being instructed,” “Difficulties in performing the role of preceptor,” and “Difficulties due to disagreements with seniors/supervisors about instruction policies.” The findings show the necessity to provide support for preceptors to improve their nursing practice skills and educational skills to educate novice nurses with confidence. Entire organizations, including senior nurses and nursing managers, need to establish education policies and support arrangements for preceptors of novice nurses.

Author Information
Sachiko Tanabe, Teikyo Heisei University, Japan
Eiko Suzuki, International University of Health and Welfare–Graduate School, Japan
Harumi Kawamura, Showa University, Japan
Saori Nakazawa, School of Nursing and Rehabilitation Sciences–Showa University, Japan
Kyoko Karasawa, Jikei Kashiwa Nursing School, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: IICE2024
Stream: Educational policy

This paper is part of the IICE2024 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Tanabe S., Suzuki E., Kawamura H., Nakazawa S., & Karasawa K. (2024) Difficulties in Instructing Novice Nurses as Perceived by Preceptors ISSN: 2189-1036 – The IAFOR International Conference on Education – Hawaii 2024 Official Conference Proceedings https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2189-1036.2024.5
To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2189-1036.2024.5

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon