Co-designing Curriculum for Rural Education in Indonesia: Promoting Relevance and Engagement for Holistic Education Development


This research aims to explain the process and impact of the co-design of curriculum in some rural schools in West Nusa Tenggara, East Nusa Tenggara, North Kalimantan and East Java, Indonesia. The methodology used in this research is descriptive qualitative with data collection techniques through interviews, group discussions and document analysis. This research identifies stakeholders involved in the curriculum co-designing process, namely teachers, students, parents and the community members. The process in four regions begins with the initial exploration stage, consisting of understanding the local context and building stakeholder capacity and capabilities. However, East Java province is exempt from the second phase of initial exploration due to its stakeholders' sufficient capacity and capability. The process continues with the discovery phase to identify the educational needs, the development phase to conceptualize and refine the curriculum, and the delivery phase to implement and revise the current curriculum. There are three main characteristics of this process including inclusiveness, collaboration and iteration which contribute to the development of a curriculum that is adapted to the local context and cultural values. The co-design process is proven to increase active participation from students in the learning process and active contribution from the local community which simultaneously develops holistic education. The research further demonstrates that the process of co-designing curriculum requires the unwavering commitment and cooperation of all parties involved to enhance collaboration and improve capacity building, as well as substantial assistance from government agencies and other pertinent institutions to advocate for holistic education and curriculum evaluation.

Author Information
Nurul Jamila Hariani, Universitas Airlangga, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: ECE2023
Stream: Curriculum Design & Development

This paper is part of the ECE2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Hariani N. (2023) Co-designing Curriculum for Rural Education in Indonesia: Promoting Relevance and Engagement for Holistic Education Development ISSN: 2188-1162 The European Conference on Education 2023: Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon