A Quantitative Exploration of Academic Motivation in Online Higher Education


Academic motivation (AM), the desire for behaviors connected to academic functioning and success, determines the level of student engagement in academic activities. Due to the increase in online learning environments in universities in the post-pandemic period, it is significant to explore the AM level among students in online higher education to offer a more effective program. In this study, it was aimed to investigate the AM level among undergraduate students taking online courses in terms of different motivational constructs; namely, intrinsic motivation (IM), extrinsic motivation (EM) as well as amotivation, and whether there is a relationship between AM and demographic variables of gender, age and year of study. Adopted as a quantitatively-designed study, the AM scale with 7 sub-scales including IM towards knowledge, accomplishments, and experience stimulation; and EM external, introjected, and identified regulations; and amotivation was conducted to 220 undergraduate students taking online courses in different universities in Turkey. The collected data were analyzed by using SPSS for Windows 26.0 and IBM AMOS v24.0. The descriptive results indicated that the IM level of the sample was low, whereas the levels of EM and amotivation were moderate. The highest mean score was detected in the construct of amotivation. The results of MANOVA and ANOVA analyses to determine the variability of IM, EM, and amotivation by the demographics revealed that the participants’ mean scores did not vary based on their year of study while some statistically significant findings were detected between EM and gender as well as amotivation and age.

Author Information
F. Sehkar Fayda-Kinik, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey

Paper Information
Conference: ECE2023
Stream: Higher education

This paper is part of the ECE2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Fayda-Kinik F. (2023) A Quantitative Exploration of Academic Motivation in Online Higher Education ISSN: 2188-1162 The European Conference on Education 2023: Official Conference Proceedings https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2188-1162.2023.105
To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2188-1162.2023.105

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon