In light of the internet, technological advancement, and artificial intelligence, plagiarism has become one of the major issues for students and the academic community to be concerned. Plagiarism is an ethical misconduct in which one uses others’ ideas, words, and intellectual productions without acknowledging the authors or one’s contribution. Previous studies have documented contributing factors to plagiarism, such as age, gender, level of education, the field of study, major, level of English language proficiency, and the tendency among students in different cultural contexts. Scholars asserted that studies on plagiarism lack in a non-Western context, in which we seek to fill this gap in the context of Mongolia. In this empirical study, we examine undergraduate students’ attitudes towards plagiarism in Mongolia by employing the plagiarism attitude scale. We used Rasch mathematical modeling for our analysis. The data was collected via an online platform with a total sample size N=327 consisting from N=120 male, N=205 female, and N=2 unidentified gender responses. Rasch analysis showed high item reliability .99 and person reliability 0.84 with moderate unidimensionality for scale measurement. Moreover, an analysis of differential item functioning (DIF) yielded some differences between gender and some items (moderate and large), and gender with other items (slight to moderate). The differences across the field of study, and the general education background by location, and year of study were found to have no difference in their attitudes toward plagiarism.
Zoljargal Dembereldorj, National University of Mongolia, Mongolia
Amarzaya Amartuvshin, National University of Mongolia, Mongolia