The Correlations Between Sound and Meaning in Fuzûlî’s Su Kasidesi (The Eulogy with the Repeated Word “Su”)


Repetition of sounds, i.e. alliteration and assonance, supports, and even sometimes forms, various meanings in literary works. Literary scholars argue that the well-known poet Fuzûlî uses repetitions of sounds masterfully in his poems. In this study, we provide evidence for this claim by analyzing Su Kasidesi (The Eulogy with the Repeated Word "Su") in the light of sound-meaning correlations. We examine which consonants and vowels are repeated with respect to specific emotions, whether these repetitions and the frequency of those change from line to line, and if they do, whether these lines reflect particular meanings. As a result, we show that plosive consonants increase in lines expressing strong emotions. In the 8th line, for instance, which corresponds to a climax of emotions in the poem we find 17 plosive consonants (44%), the significance of which can be appreciated by observing that in the lines preceding and following the 8th, the proportion of plosives is only 15% and 33% respectively. Instead, in the 8th line, the ratio of fricative and liquid consonants (56%) decreases compared to the preceding (85%) and following (67%) lines. The proportion of front vowels rises in lines with an optimistic mood or where the water gently flows. In line 25, for instance, 73% of the vowels are front (compare this to the preceding and the following lines where the ratio of front vowels is 48% and 55%, respectively). Thus, this study provides quantitative evidence for the use of sound-meaning correspondences in Fuzûlî’s Su Kasidesi.

Author Information
Abdullah Tahir Özdemir, Karabük University, Türkiye

Paper Information
Conference: ECAH2023
Stream: Literature/Literary Studies

This paper is part of the ECAH2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Özdemir A. (2023) The Correlations Between Sound and Meaning in Fuzûlî’s Su Kasidesi (The Eulogy with the Repeated Word “Su”) ISSN: 2188-1111 – The European Conference on Arts & Humanities 2023: Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon