Neurodiversity in the Workplace: Understanding ADHD in the Indian Workforce


The conventional workplace which centres around neurotypical employees can be exclusionary to its neurodiverse employees, making the workplace harder for them to manoeuvre. The purpose of this study was to examine the experience of neurodiverse employees with ADHD in the Indian workplace, with particular reference to the nature of the problems faced and how the employees thought their workplace could be made more inclusive and accommodating. The study was of an exploratory nature and employed a phenomenological approach. Semi structured, individual interviews were conducted over video call with the nine participants who were from different parts of India. The results identified themes discussing the participants’ relationship with their ADHD diagnosis, perception of the workplace and job performance, nature of employee interactions and inclusive practices. The findings include both the participants personal efforts and what they perceived their organisation doing. The former are, modifying their environment to limit distractions, incorporating time management techniques and scheduling tasks, as well as taking breaks when needed. The latter include having an informed and accommodating manager, with deadlines being flexible and written instruction to be used for directive communication. These were a few helpful practices they mentioned their organisations undertaking. The participants suggested that awareness trainings and workshops be conducted for all employees to combat misinformation and foster awareness surrounding neurodiversity and mental illness in the workplace. Another suggestion was for medication and mental health care to be reimbursed by companies. The implications, limitations of the study and directions for future research have been discussed.

Author Information
Simone Prabhu, Christ (Deemed to be University), India
Moosath Vasudevan, Independent Researcher, India

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2023
Stream: Industrial Organization and Organization Theory

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon