Principals need support throughout their careers to lead effectively and improve continuously, and research indicates that principals are facing new and unprecedented educational challenges. Beginning principals often face professional isolation and loneliness, so it is essential to provide professional support and assistance to beginning principals. This study examines the difficulties and challenges beginning principals face. Specifically, the purpose of this study is to understand the difficulties and challenges of beginning principals to serve as a reference for planning the professional support system for beginning principals. In order to achieve the above research purposes, the research methods used are document analysis and questionnaire survey. The respondents to the questionnaire are all the 22 principals who participated in the principal mentor training programs of Changhua County and Hualien County. The main research findings include: 1. Solving interpersonal conflicts is the most challenging and complex item for new principals; on the contrary, effectively controlling the use of school budgets is the least challenging and complex item. 2. Promoting progress is the weakest item for the leadership of the new principal; in comparison, creating an atmosphere is the best item.
Rujer Wang, National Taichung University of Education, Taiwan