Learning Motivation of Adult Learners During the Transition to Fully Online Learning Due to COVID-19


This paper investigates the learning motivation amongst adult learners in Singapore, during Singapore’s transition to fully online learning due to COVID-19. A mixed methods study consisting of two phases was conducted from 2020-2021: (i) Phase One is an online survey which consists of a series of Likert-scaled items that ask respondents to reflect on their most recent online learning experience, which includes their motivation and learning strategies, as well as their perspectives on online learning; (ii) Phase Two is a combination of interviews and focus group discussions to gather information on the respondents’ experiences and their collective suggestions. The relationship between their learning motivation and learning strategies with their intention to participate in further online learning was examined using the Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) framework. The findings were supported by the qualitative research conducted in Phase Two of the study. Other key findings indicate that adult learners in Singapore are embracing the fact that online learning is becoming a norm, but some challenges remain. Firstly, there is a need to ensure that both the learners and Adult Educators (AEs) possess the relevant digital skills. Findings also imply that AEs and training providers should pay attention to the following when designing an online learning programme: (i) to allow learners to enjoy the element of social interaction; and (ii) to provide learners with prior support to familiarise with the functions and use of learning platforms.

Author Information
Bao Zhen Tan, Institute for Adult Learning, Singapore
Yee Zher Sheng, Institute for Adult Learning, Singapore

Paper Information
Conference: ACEID2023
Stream: Adult

This paper is part of the ACEID2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Tan B., & Sheng Y. (2023) Learning Motivation of Adult Learners During the Transition to Fully Online Learning Due to COVID-19 ISSN: 2189-101X – The Asian Conference on Education & International Development 2023 Official Conference Proceedings https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2189-101X.2023.56
To link to this article: https://doi.org/10.22492/issn.2189-101X.2023.56

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon