Communicating the Indonesian Dietary Recommendations: Lessons Learned From Boarding School


Monotonous meals are commonly provided at boarding schools in Indonesia with poor nutritional value and a lack of variety. As part of the Environmental Nutrition Program, this study was conducted to raise awareness of the importance of a balanced diet among female boarding high school students. We set out to improve Indonesian students’ nutritional knowledge using mixed communication methods including a poster, booklet, and interactive session. A quasi-experimental study was conducted at two boarding high schools, one intervention school (IS) and one control school (CS). Nutritional education (NE) was delivered at the IS that covered the effects of food on health, nutrient sources, food groups, and dietary recommendations. NE was run over eight weeks, with two weeks for each topic. Data on nutritional knowledge were collected before and after NE using a validated questionnaire with binary response options (correct, incorrect). Student’s T-test and the Mann–Whitney U-test were applied to analyze the data. A total of 57 IS and 56 CS female students were recruited. Baseline data showed no difference in students’ knowledge between the schools. However, there was a significant increase in nutritional knowledge at the IS after NE compared to the CS (MIS=78, SD=9.3; MCS=72, SD=7.2; P <0.001). Positive feedback was received on all communication methods, and the poster was found to have been the most effective, especially for communicating dietary recommendations. Our study suggested that a poster can increase school students’ declarative nutritional knowledge, while two-way communication is effective at enhancing their procedural nutritional knowledge.

Author Information
Nutta Taneepanichskul, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
Syarifah Aqilah, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
Cindy Roviqoh, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia
Siti Sudrajat, Universitas Indonesia, Indonesia

Paper Information
Conference: PCE2023
Stream: Interdisciplinary

This paper is part of the PCE2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Taneepanichskul N., Aqilah S., Roviqoh C., & Sudrajat S. (2023) Communicating the Indonesian Dietary Recommendations: Lessons Learned From Boarding School ISSN: 2758-0962 The Paris Conference on Education 2023: Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon