How Did Traditional Nomadic Herders Increase in the Past Decade? –The Relations of Higher Education, TVET, and Career Trajectory


This study aims to reveal the growth factors in nomadic herders, featuring the relations of higher education, TVET, and the job market in Mongolia. Past studies demonstrated the dramatic decrease of herder households in young generations in Mongolia due to the vulnerability under climate change and preference for an urban lifestyle after the mobility to the capital city owing to the transition to higher education. On the other hand, government statistic shows that the rate of herder households in the early twenties has increased in the past ten years. Analyzing qualitative data collected from the interviews with ten young nomadic herder families, four vocational and technical education institutions, and two higher education institutions in October 2022, the author discovered both negative and positive factors of why people chose to be nomadic herders despite the hardship. First, the high unemployment rate impacts the negative choice of nomadic herders. Another accelerating factor is the government policy to support poor herders under thirty-five years old. In this policy, young people register as poor herders to receive grant funding, although they do not make a living by raising cattle. Positive factors are the firm belief and respect for nature and animals. Young nomadic interviewees showed sound responsibility to succeed in their family business without wondering about other directions. This study also clarified the contradiction between government statistics and the actual number of young herders. Young herders exist in the research target area in statistical data, but the absolute herders decreased in the past decade.

Author Information
Eri Nakamura, Chiba University, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: ACEID2023
Stream: Higher education

This paper is part of the ACEID2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Nakamura E. (2023) How Did Traditional Nomadic Herders Increase in the Past Decade? –The Relations of Higher Education, TVET, and Career Trajectory ISSN: 2189-101X – The Asian Conference on Education & International Development 2023 Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon