We tried to investigate the effects of cognitive behavioural group therapy (CBGT) on infertile men’s anger and positive and negative affect.
Forty-three men with infertility for at least five years were selected for a randomised clinical study. Spielberger’s State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-II (STAXI-II) and the PANAS scale (positive and negative affect) were filled out by the participants, and they were randomly divided into the experimental (22) and control (21) groups. The experimental group received 18 ninety-minute sessions of hybrid group therapy held twice a week, while the control group received no intervention. When the intervention program was over, all participants performed the post-test. Moreover, the follow-up stage was held two months later.
The effects of the intervention were significant in terms of state anger, trait anger, anger expression in, anger expression out, positive effects, and negative effects (p < 0.004), but they were not significant concerning the anger control out index (p = 0.241). The significant differences between the two groups were also observed in the follow-up stage.
Conclusions: The CBGT therapy seems to be helpful for infertile men to reduce their anger and negative affect and increase their positive affect by implementing a set of techniques like cognitive regeneration, assertiveness, daily joyful activities, exercises to relax one’s muscles, diaphragm respiration, the identification of various fillings, and emotional expression.
Fatemeh Bardideh, Islamic Azad University, Iran
Kosar Bardideh, Azad University, Iran