Strengthening Higher Order Critical Thinking Skills of C1 Level Students in a Classroom Environment


Higher-order critical thinking skills are essential in university settings because they enable students to succeed in their studies. However, they cannot be learned solely by course materials and articles; nevertheless, they must develop a critical thinker's attitude or disposition. The two main objectives of this study were to examine whether students were enhancing their higher-order thinking abilities through vocabulary, grammar, discourse, reading, engaging with the text, and externalizing from the text. In addition, instructor-related questions were asked to identify how higher-order thinking skills were applied in the classroom. This study will target first-year students at the C1 level of the undergraduate academic English program. We will answer how essential higher-order critical thinking skills are for fostering learning strategies for academic skills such as vocabulary, grammar, discourse, reading, engaging with a text, and externalizing from a text. Furthermore, a standardized Cambridge self-assessment survey on critical thinking was conducted among 52 students to measure their critical thinking skills and evaluate the success/failures of students. Using the qualitative and quantitative methods, the results of the study showed that students could use vocabulary (54.5%), sentence-level grammar (51.3%), discourse (49%), reading & listening (48.7%), engage with a text (53.5%), and externalize from a text (51.4%) often. Although most students concluded that instructors always support them well in the learning environment, results showed their skills need to develop better. Furthermore, we will examine how this correlation can improve and how concepts can be put into practice.

Author Information
Ganzul Gantuya, University of Finance and Economics, Mongolia

Paper Information
Conference: ACEID2023
Stream: Foreign Languages Education & Applied Linguistics (including ESL/TESL/TEFL)

This paper is part of the ACEID2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Gantuya G. (2023) Strengthening Higher Order Critical Thinking Skills of C1 Level Students in a Classroom Environment ISSN: 2189-101X – The Asian Conference on Education & International Development 2023 Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon