Higher Education Beyond COVID-19 Pandemic: Students’ Perspectives on Design Thinking: A Q-methodology Study


The purpose of this study is to examine and categorize the epistemological views of college students and correlate and group those who share similar patterns of views regarding the use of Design Thinking (DT) in their Philosophy course at De La Salle–College of Saint Benilde, Philippines. Q-Methodology which is a mixed research method was used to quantitatively analyze qualitative data using PQMethod software. Twenty-five students were surveyed, interviewed, and invited to rank-order 36 concourse statements about the use of DT in their course. Three operant factor types (Digitally Prolegomenal Ball Rollers, Groundswell Bootstrap Designers, and People-Centered Innovators) were identified. A fourth factor, named Recalcitrant Colliders, though non-loaders and unflagged, was included among the factor types to show that participants’ views indicate significant hybrid views about DT. The results affirmed that students found DT as a meaningful way of enhancing creative and critical thinking, empathy, and problem-solving skills. The study concluded that DT in higher education was highly viewed as a valuable platform for improving student learning experience during and beyond the pandemic as they navigate the future of digital learning. We, therefore, recommend that to ensure meaningful learning, we need to make Design Thinking mainstream, rather than peripheral, to respond to the call for digital transformation in the 21st century. The findings of this research are important for theory, practice, policy and subsequent research.

Author Information
Basilia Blay, De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde, Philippines
Alma Espartinez, De La Salle-College of Saint Benilde, Philippines

Paper Information
Conference: PCE2023
Stream: Teaching Experiences

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon