Research on Self-Esteem of Adolescents of Mongolia


Since Mongolia's transformation from a socialist to a democratic society in 1990, the country’s population has experienced significant changes in regard to both ways of life and personal values. This political shift has had both positive and negative effects on individuals’ mental health but has especially affected adolescents. Adolescence is a period of intense physical and psychological change, and self-esteem, or the evaluation of one’s own worth, plays an integral role in individual development. It can be particularly difficult for adolescents, who account for 18.5 percent of Mongolia’s population, to balance external societal and political changes alongside their own already tumultuous inner worlds. In the interest of exploring how adolescents define and interpret their “ideal self”, we used the Dembo-Rubinstein Scale of Self-Esteem Measurement to assess 50 university students and their evaluations of their own self-worth in light of recent cultural transformations in the country. According to Hewitt, John P. (2009), self-esteem is the level of confidence one has in their own worth or talents. This valuation is influenced by beliefs about oneself as well as feelings and emotional states, such as triumph, sadness, pride, and guilt. The ideal self is a component of a person's self-concept that includes their desires, hopes, and wants (Higgins 1987; Rogers 1959). Adolescents' self-esteem only begins to stabilize as they synthesize the values of their socio-political environment with their own sense of self-identity. By gaining a deeper understanding of what they personally expect from themselves in order to achieve an ideal self adolescent will have greater means and opportunities to grow psychologically, socially, and intellectually mature.

Author Information
Enkhmaa Badmaanyam, University of Finance and Economics, Mongolia
Kalamkhas Jikei, University of Science and Technology, Mongolia
Bolortamir Luvsantseren, University of Finance and Economics, Mongolia

Paper Information
Conference: ACP2023
Stream: Psychology and Education

This paper is part of the ACP2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Badmaanyam E., Jikei K., & Luvsantseren B. (2023) Research on Self-Esteem of Adolescents of Mongolia ISSN: 2187-4743 – The Asian Conference on Psychology & the Behavioral Sciences 2023 Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon