Reforming English Curriculum for Students With a Low Level of English Proficiency


In Japan, the government has emphasized the importance of English skills and of working on various improvement measures for the English curriculum. Even with such emphasis, Japanese proficiency scores are not showing the desired results. According to Education First (EF), the Swiss international education company, Japan’s English proficiency Index ranking has been dropping since they started the survey in 2011 and the most recent results show that Japan ranks 78th among 112 non-English speaking countries. At the tertiary level, the decline in students’ English proficiency, especially for universities with low academic standards, have been of great concern. As a result, some universities provide remedial education for under-prepared students. As one such university, the studied university has seen an increased number of students whose placement test marks low. To provide appropriate English instruction, a needs analysis of recent students is urgent. This study examines the results of the placement test, vocabulary size, final scores, the admission styles, and GPA of 61 first-year students. The analysis of this study involves numerical and correlation approaches. High correlations are found between two finals as well as between finals and GPA. Moreover, strong to moderate correlations are found among students’ placement test scores, vocabulary sizes, final scores. At the same time, the study concerns students’ low level of vocabulary size, which is compared to the standards found by previous studies. The results raise various challenges for adapting the situation, finding innovative instructions for students.

Author Information
Minako Inoue, Health Science University, Japan

Paper Information
Conference: SEACE2023
Stream: Foreign Languages Education & Applied Linguistics (including ESL/TESL/TEFL)

This paper is part of the SEACE2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Inoue M. (2023) Reforming English Curriculum for Students With a Low Level of English Proficiency ISSN: 2435-5240 The Southeast Asian Conference on Education 2023: Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon