Media and Information Literacy Skills for Undergraduate Students in Hong Kong: Self Perception vs Actual Skills


This study examines the media and information literacy of undergraduate students in Hong Kong with reference to frameworks developed by UNESCO, Singapore, and Hong Kong. A new instrument is developed to measure students’ self-perception and actual media and information literacy skills. Responses from 513 undergraduate students showed that most students reported adequate perceived media and information literacy levels. They show confidence in some statements that involve a single factor while showing less confidence in some statements concerning multiple factors or related to the later stage of information behavior that requires critical evaluation and judgment. On the other hand, less than half of the students could identify the correct response in over one-third of the skill test questions. It shows that students’ performance in the skills test was inadequate and may overestimate their media and information literacy competence. Additionally, they cannot evaluate and compare different information sources using different criteria. The study contributes to the literature by providing a systematic instrument to measure students' media and information literacy and empirically highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of Hong Kong undergraduate students in terms of media and information literacy by comparing their own perceptions and actual ability.

Author Information
William Ko-Wai Tang, Hong Kong Metropolitan University, Hong Kong

Paper Information
Conference: ACE2022
Stream: Design

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon