Grit and Hope as Sequential Mediators in the Association Between Mindfulness and Flourishing


Flourishing was defined as living within an optimal range for positive psychological and social functioning (Fredrickson & Losada, 2005). Recently, it is believed that fostering flourishing can effectively prevent mental disorders. Empirical studies have also confirmed that individual mindfulness is related to flourishing. However, the internal mechanism of this link is relatively underexplored. This pilot study examined the association between mindfulness and flourishing using a serial mediation model that tested grit and hope as hypothesized mediators. A Chinese university student sample (N = 163, 68.10% female, Mean age = 20.52) responded to an online survey package containing Chinese-validated scales measuring mindfulness, grit, hope, flourishing, and demographic items. Hayes’ (2013) SPSS macro PROCESS (Model 6) with 5,000 bias-corrected bootstraps with 95% confidence intervals was used to confirm the serial mediating effect. After controlling for demographic covariates, the results revealed that: (a) mindfulness, grit, hope, and flourishing were significantly and positively associated with each other; (b) grit and hope mediated the mindfulness-flourishing link in a sequential fashion; and (c) the indirect effect of serial manner (β = .12) was significantly greater than the indirect effect through grit (β = .06), and hope (β = -.02). The current findings may provide some guidance for the intervention to promote flourishing among Chinese university students. In order to maximize the effect of mindfulness on flourishing, researchers and educators can integrate grit- and hope-related teaching plans into mindfulness intervention and further test this model with longitudinal designs.

Author Information
Kelly Ka Lai Lam, University of Macau, Macau SAR

Paper Information
Conference: SEACE2023
Stream: Mind

This paper is part of the SEACE2023 Conference Proceedings (View)
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To cite this article:
Lam K. (2023) Grit and Hope as Sequential Mediators in the Association Between Mindfulness and Flourishing ISSN: 2435-5240 The Southeast Asian Conference on Education 2023: Official Conference Proceedings
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Posted by James Alexander Gordon