Despite the salience of monitoring in self-regulated learning (SRL) and L2 speech production in non-testing conditions, little is known if the metacognitive construct functions in testing contexts and whether it affects learner performance. Given the reciprocal and paramount effects that have been extensively recognised between learning and testing, namely, the fundamental goal of language learning in any forms including SRL for many learners is to pass a certain test for either an academic purpose or for a vocational objective, and the increasing backwash effects of testing on language learning, a research effort in monitoring working in speaking tests, in particular computer-delivered integrated speaking tests, a testing format that has been advocated as an internal part of L2 classroom instruction due to its authenticity and its representativeness of future direction of L2 testing, is warranted. This study, therefore, serves as such an effort by investigating the use of monitoring by 95 Chinese English as foreign language (EFL) learners on a self-reported questionnaire after they performed three computer-delivered integrated speaking test tasks. Descriptive analysis followed by HLM testing reveals that monitoring was used in a high-frequency manner, but it exerted no substantial effects on learner performance. Primarily, the results are expected to provide pedagogical implications for SRL: While fostering self-regulating learners especially self-monitored L2 speakers, it is necessary for L2 teachers to purposefully reduplicate testing conditions in their classroom instructions for help the self-regulating learners be equally self-regulating test-takers assisted by monitoring to pass the tests. Moreover, the results are hoped to offer some insights into L2 testing through the perspective of self-monitoring, one proposed component of strategic competence, a construct that has been extensively acknowledged to reflect the essence of L2 testing.
Weiwei Zhang, Quzhou University, China
Chunmei Yan, Quzhou University, China
Stream: Foreign Languages Education & Applied Linguistics (including ESL/TESL/TEFL)
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