The ocean is a very important part of our living environment. Avoiding pollution of the oceans so that they can be used sustainably is an important topic in many countries. How to understand our ocean through education is also an issue. In this study, we have designed and developed an ocean education campaign based on learning interests and attitudes, using teaching strategies that generate contextual interest and incorporating Goal 14 of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Through the implementation of the marine education promotion activities, we explore and analyze the participants’ understanding of marine knowledge, their interest in marine education learning and their learning attitudes. Goal 14 of the SDGs was integrated into the educational programs and activities under the themes of ‘Marine Environmental Sustainability’ and ‘Fish Eating Education’. A total of 38 students participated in this study and completed the “Marine Knowledge Questionnaire”, “Marine Education Learning Interest Scale” and “Marine Education Learning Attitude Scale” before and after participating in the activities. The results of the t-test analysis showed that the post-test questionnaires were significantly higher than those of the pre-test questionnaires. In other words, the marine education promotion activities integrated into SDGs Goal 14 can effectively enhance participants’ understanding of marine knowledge, interest in marine education and learning, and learning attitudes. In this study, the content of the courses is not easily accessible to the general public. Therefore, it is recommended to develop curriculum activities for different educational levels in order to promote marine education in the future.
Chang-Yu Hsieh, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Taiwan
Han-Chung Yang, National Kaohsiung University of Science and Technology, Taiwan