The Effect of Vocational Training on Turnover Intention: The Mediation of Job Satisfaction


Youth employment is not just an individual problem, but a social issue that needs attention from companies, society, and the nation. Despite the fact that the college graduates' preparation period for job entrance is getting longer due to unemployment and the preference for large corporations, the average tenure at their first job after employment is only 18.2 months in Korea. Employee turnover is an urgent problem that needs to be addressed urgently, considering the company's cost of hiring and training new employees, personal resources invested in job preparation, and social costs invested to solve the youth unemployment problem. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the effect of college graduates' degree of participation in job programs on their turnover intention through job satisfaction as a mediator. Analysis was conducted using SPSS Process Macro Model 4, and the result shows that the degree of participation in the job program had a significant effect on job satisfaction (B=-.007, t=-2.046, p<.05) and turnover intention (B=.060, t=5.927, p<.001). It was found that higher participation in the career employment program had a negative effect on job satisfaction and a positive effect on turnover intention. In other words, it is interpreted that the higher the participation in the career employment program while attending university, the lower the job satisfaction and the higher the intention to leave the job. Job satisfaction was found to have a negative effect on turnover intention (B=-.935, t=-34.561, p<.001).

Author Information
Gana Bae, Pusan National University, South Korea
Sukwoo Kim, Pusan National University, South Korea

Paper Information
Conference: ACE2022
Stream: Higher education

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Posted by James Alexander Gordon